Smart contracts

This list was created automatically by the Zotpress bibliography plugin. Add the “smart contracts” tag in the Zotero collection and the item will be automatically added here.

Eventually, this page will be curated by an editor. If you are interested in helping, please register and contact the Editor in Chief.

Gatteschi, V., Lamberti, F., & Demartini, C. (2020). Blockchain Technology Use Cases. In S. Kim & G. C. Deka (Eds.), Advanced Applications of Blockchain Technology (pp. 91–114). Singapore: Springer Singapore.
Cai, W., Wang, Z., Ernst, J. B., Hong, Z., Feng, C., & Leung, V. C. M. (2018). Decentralized Applications: The Blockchain-Empowered Software System. IEEE Access, 6, 53019–53033.
Malamas, V., Dasaklis, T., Kotzanikolaou, P., Burmester, M., & Katsikas, S. (2019). A Forensics-by-Design Management Framework for Medical Devices Based on Blockchain. In 2019 IEEE World Congress on Services (SERVICES) (Vol. 2642-939X, pp. 35–40).
Cao, Y., Li, Y., Sun, Y., & Wang, S. (2019). Decentralized Group Signature Scheme Based on Blockchain. In 2019 International Conference on Communications, Information System and Computer Engineering (CISCE) (pp. 566–569).
Petroni, B. C. A., Reis, J. Z., & Gonçalves, R. F. (2019). Blockchain as an Internet of Services Application for an Advanced Manufacturing Environment. In F. Ameri, K. E. Stecke, G. von Cieminski, & D. Kiritsis (Eds.), Advances in Production Management Systems. Towards Smart Production Management Systems (pp. 389–396). Springer International Publishing.
Jin, X., Bai, C., Zhang, Z., Zhao, S., Wang, H., Yan, Z., … Chen, S. (2019). Blockchain-enabled Transactive Method in Distributed Systems Considering Security Constraints. In 2019 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC) (pp. 1203–1207).
Bürer, M. J., Capezzali, M., Lapparent, M. d, Pallotta, V., & Carpita, M. (2019). Blockchain in Industry: Review of key use cases and lessons learned. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE/ITMC) (pp. 1–7).
Zhong, P., Zhong, Q., Mi, H., Zhang, S., & Xiang, Y. (2019). Privacy-Protected Blockchain System. In 2019 20th IEEE International Conference on Mobile Data Management (MDM) (pp. 457–461).
Lasisi, A., & Hsu, S. (2019). Consensus Mechanism in Enterprise Blockchain. In 2019 IEEE International Conference on Intelligence and Security Informatics (ISI) (pp. 228–228).
Rúbio, T. R. P. M., Kokkinogenis, Z., Cardoso, H. L., Rossetti, R. J. F., & Oliveira, E. (2019). Regulating Blockchain Smart Contracts with Agent-Based Markets. In P. Moura Oliveira, P. Novais, & L. P. Reis (Eds.), Progress in Artificial Intelligence (pp. 399–411). Springer International Publishing.
Leng, J., Yan, D., Liu, Q., Xu, K., Zhao, J. L., Shi, R., … Chen, X. (2019). ManuChain: Combining Permissioned Blockchain With a Holistic Optimization Model as Bi-Level Intelligence for Smart Manufacturing. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems, 1–11.
Hasan, H. R., & Salah, K. (2018). Proof of Delivery of Digital Assets Using Blockchain and Smart Contracts. IEEE Access, 6, 65439–65448.
Sheth, A., & Subramanian, H. (2019). Blockchain and contract theory: modeling smart contracts using insurance markets. Managerial Finance.
Hughes, A., Park, A., Kietzmann, J., & Archer-Brown, C. (2019). Beyond Bitcoin: What Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies Mean for Firms. Business Horizons, 62(3), 273–281.
Salah, K., Rehman, M. H. U., Nizamuddin, N., & Al-Fuqaha, A. (2019). Blockchain for AI: Review and Open Research Challenges. IEEE Access, 7, 10127–10149.
Thomason, J., Ahmad, M., Bronder, P., Hoyt, E., Pocock, S., Bouteloupe, J., … Shrier, D. (2018). Chapter 10 - Blockchain—Powering and Empowering the Poor in Developing Countries. In A. Marke (Ed.), Transforming Climate Finance and Green Investment with Blockchains (pp. 137–152). Academic Press.
Goldenfein, J., & Leiter, A. (2018). Legal Engineering on the Blockchain: ‘Smart Contracts’ as Legal Conduct. Law and Critique, 29(2), 141–149.
Liu, K., Desai, H., Kagal, L., & Kantarcioglu, M. (2018). Enforceable Data Sharing Agreements Using Smart Contracts. Retrieved from
Singh, S. K., Salim, M. M., Cho, M., Cha, J., Pan, Y., & Park, J. H. (2019). Smart Contract-Based Pool Hopping Attack Prevention for Blockchain Networks. Symmetry, 11(7), 941.
Carron, B., & Botteron, V. (2019). How Smart Can a Contract Be? Elgar. Retrieved from
Kianieff, M. (2019). Blockchain Technology and the Law: Opportunities and Risks. Taylor & Francis.
Wang, X., Wu, H., Sun, W., & Zhao, Y. (2019). Towards Generating Cost-Effective Test-Suite for Ethereum Smart Contract. In 2019 IEEE 26th International Conference on Software Analysis, Evolution and Reengineering (SANER) (pp. 549–553).
Pee, S. J., Kang, E. S., Song, J. G., & Jang, J. W. (2019). Blockchain Based Smart Energy Trading Platform Using Smart Contract. In 2019 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Information and Communication (ICAIIC) (pp. 322–325).
Pedrosa, A. R., & Pau, G. (2018). ChargeltUp: On Blockchain-based Technologies for Autonomous Vehicles. In Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Cryptocurrencies and Blockchains for Distributed Systems (pp. 87–92). New York, NY, USA: ACM.
Griggs, K. N., Ossipova, O., Kohlios, C. P., Baccarini, A. N., Howson, E. A., & Hayajneh, T. (2018). Healthcare Blockchain System Using Smart Contracts for Secure Automated Remote Patient Monitoring. Journal of Medical Systems, 42(7), 130.
Liu, H., Zhang, Y., & Yang, T. (2018). Blockchain-Enabled Security in Electric Vehicles Cloud and Edge Computing. IEEE Network, 32(3), 78–83.
Gürcan, Ö., Agenis-Nevers, M., Batany, Y.-M., Elmtiri, M., Fevre, F. L., & Tucci-Piergiovanni, S. (2018). An Industrial Prototype of Trusted Energy Performance Contracts using Blockchain Technologies. Presented at the 16th IEEE Internatonal Conference on Smart City (SmartCity-2018). Retrieved from
Waltl, B., Sillaber, C., Gallersdörfer, U., & Matthes, F. (2019). Blockchains and Smart Contracts: A Threat for the Legal Industry? In H. Treiblmaier & R. Beck (Eds.), Business Transformation through Blockchain: Volume II (pp. 287–315). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
Bodó, B., Gervais, D., & Quintais, J. P. (2018). Blockchain and Smart Contracts: The Missing Link in Copyright Licensing? International Journal of Law and Information Technology.
Yang, Q., Xu, F., Zhang, Y., Liu, F., Hu, W., & Liao, Q. (2018). Design and Implementation of a Loan System Based on Smart Contract. In M. Qiu (Ed.), Smart Blockchain (pp. 22–31). Springer International Publishing.
Macrinici, D., Cartofeanu, C., & Gao, S. (2018). Smart Contract Applications Within Blockchain Technology: A Systematic Mapping Study. Telematics and Informatics, 35(8), 2337–2354.
Chen, M., Li, Y., Xu, Z., Huang, X., & Wang, W. (2018). A Blockchain Based Data Management System for Energy Trade. In M. Qiu (Ed.), Smart Blockchain (pp. 44–54). Springer International Publishing.
Zhou, X., Hafedh, Y., Wang, Y., & Jesus, V. (2018). A Simple Auditable Fingerprint Authentication Scheme Using Smart-Contracts. In M. Qiu (Ed.), Smart Blockchain (pp. 86–92). Springer International Publishing.
Rozario, A. M., & Vasarhelyi, M. A. (2018). Auditing with Smart Contracts. The International Journal of Digital Accounting Research, 18.
Zhang, Y., & Wen, J. (2015). An IoT Electric Business Model Based on the Protocol of Bitcoin. In 2015 18th International Conference on Intelligence in Next Generation Networks (pp. 184–191). Paris.
Romano, D., & Schmid, G. (2017). Beyond Bitcoin: A Critical Look at Blockchain-Based Systems. Cryptography, 1(2), 15.
Parkin, A., & Prescott, R. (2017). Distributed ledger technology: Beyond the hype. Journal of Digital Banking, 2(2), 102–109.
Delgado-Segura, S., Pérez-Solà, C., Navarro-Arribas, G., & Herrera-Joancomartí, J. (2017). A Fair Protocol for Data Trading Based on Bitcoin Transactions. Future Generation Computer Systems.
Li, X., Jiang, P., Chen, T., Luo, X., & Wen, Q. (2017). A Survey on the Security of Blockchain Systems. Future Generation Computer Systems.
Hoser, T. (2016). Blockchain Basics, Commercial Impacts and Governance Challenges. Governance Directions, 68(10), 608. Retrieved from;dn=663294955075000;res=IELBus
Reyes, C. (2017). Conceptualizing Cryptolaw. Nebraska Law Review, 96. Retrieved from
Pop, C., Cioara, T., Antal, M., Anghel, I., Salomie, I., & Bertoncini, M. (2018). Blockchain Based Decentralized Management of Demand Response Programs in Smart Energy Grids. Sensors, 18(1), 162.
Maupin, J. A. (2017). Mapping the Global Legal Landscape of Blockchain Technologies. Retrieved from
Glaser, F. (2017). Pervasive Decentralisation of Digital Infrastructures: A Framework for Blockchain enabled System and Use Case Analysis. In Proceedings of the 50th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. Retrieved from
Piasecki, P. J. (2016). Gaming Self-Contained Provably Fair Smart Contract Casinos. Ledger, 1(0), 99–110.
Kraft, D. (2016). Game Channels for Trustless Off-Chain Interactions in Decentralized Virtual Worlds. Ledger, 1(0), 84–98.
Dukkipati, C., Zhang, Y., & Cheng, L. C. (2018). Decentralized, BlockChain Based Access Control Framework for the Heterogeneous Internet of Things. In Proceedings of the Third ACM Workshop on Attribute-Based Access Control (pp. 61–69). New York, NY, USA: ACM.
Kim, H. M., & Laskowski, M. (2016). Towards an Ontology-Driven Blockchain Design for Supply Chain Provenance. SSRN Scholarly Paper. Retrieved from
Xu, R., Zhang, L., Zhao, H., & Peng, Y. (2017). Design of Network Media’s Digital Rights Management Scheme Based on Blockchain Technology. In 2017 IEEE 13th International Symposium on Autonomous Decentralized System (ISADS) (pp. 128–133).
Savelyev, A. (2017). Contract law 2.0: ‘Smart’ contracts as the beginning of the end of classic contract law. Information & Communications Technology Law, 26(2), 116–134.